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Cloudflare reveals its Lava Lamp powered cryptography

by Mark Tyson on 8 November 2017, 11:01

Quick Link: HEXUS.net/qadnj4

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Cloudflare is a service that protects many big name websites from “all manner of attacks” while providing optimal performance in web page serving. Key to its business are security, reliability and performance. The firm is impressive in its stature, serving more web traffic that Twitter, Amazon, Apple, Instagram, Bing, and Wikipedia combined and engaging with 10,000 new customers a day via its 118 data centres worldwide.

With the above responsibility in mind you won’t be surprised to hear that Cloudflare has put a lot of work into making sure its cryptography is top notch. What might be surprising is the way Cloudflare generates its random numbers that are both unpredictable and kept secret from any adversary – it uses LavaRand (via HardOCP).

Interestingly, LavaRand is on display for anyone who passes through the Cloudflare lobby at its HQ in San Francisco (pictured above). Despite being at the core of its random number generation LavaRand isn’t hidden away in some vault. Cloudflare uses images of the state of the wall of lava lamps as an additional source of entropy (like chaos, disorder or randomness) for its production machines generating keys to encrypt web traffic. Put simply, the images from the live video stream are turned into a “stream of random, unpredictable bytes”.

Cloudflare has analysed possible threats to LavaRand, such as someone using their own camera to monitor the lamps, someone turning off all the lamps, and so on, but with all the other entropy sources in the Cloudflare system the only ‘fatal’ attack would be one where the attacker runs code on the production service which produces the final entropy feed. In summary, Cloudflare says that LavaRand is probably not necessary, due to the existing randomness sources in production, but it is there for visual office flair and a final hedge making Cloudflare even harder to hack.



HEXUS Forums :: 9 Comments

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The principle of generating small amounts of finite improbability by simply hooking the logic circuits of a Bambleweeny 57 Sub-Meson Brain to an atomic vector plotter suspended in a strong Brownian Motion producer (say a nice hot cup of tea).

Or a few dozen lava lamps…
Saw this last night on Tom Scot YouTube channel https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1cUUfMeOijg

Quite impressive how it is used.
If you want random splatter for number generation, then just look in my toilet bowl after a curry.

Man that's some good entropy.
philehidiot
If you want random splatter for number generation, then just look in my toilet bowl after a curry.

Man that's some good entropy.

Fortunately I finished eating my bowl of oxtail soup seconds before reading this.
SO a robot after booting up is facing a road diversion, one heading east the other west. The robot has no GPS but in its logic it has to keep moving or else the battery will die, what will the robot do?